Recognizing that issues of water and energy are critically interdependent, the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has launched a new research institute to focus resources on a growing portfolio of projects for water innovation. The Water-Energy Resilience Research Institute will house a gamut of research, from nano-engineered desalination solutions to ultra-high resolution climate modeling for watershed predictions to novel groundwater management approaches. Scientists will be able to take advantage of world-class Berkeley Lab facilities, such as Molecular Foundry and Advanced Light Source, each with advanced instrumentation for scientific inquiry. One of the top priorities for innovation is desalination. RO has been state-of-the-art in water desalination for half a century. While it’s used in thousands of plants around the world, the process is costly and highly energy intensive, without a lot of room left for improvement.