Water Conditioning & Purification Magazine

Maintaining Water Coolers: Back to the Basics

By Gary Battenberg Introduction Water dispensers and coolers have been commercially available since the 1930s but bottled water has been a thriving business since before America declared its independence. Records of water bottled and sold […]

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Cation Exchange, Part 5: Back to the Basics

By Gary Battenberg In the final installment of this series, we will look at up-flow (counter-current) regeneration, the benefits and efficiencies of full-strength brining, the precautions required for effective regeneration and some early history of […]

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Cation Exchange, Part 4: Back to the Basics

By Gary Battenberg In Part 3, we looked at the combined regeneration sequence of brine and slow rinse for down-flow regeneration of a water softener. We identified the method of brine draw, where brine is […]

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Cation Exchange, Part 3: Back to the Basics

By Gary Battenberg In Part 2, we looked at the basic components of a water softener, which included those components that comprise a typical, standard water softener. This was followed by a description of the […]

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Cation Exchange, Part 2: Back to the Basics

By Gary Battenberg In Part 1, we looked at early history of cation exchange from 1766 to the early/mid-1900s with an acknowledgment of chemical and membrane softening methods. Next, we looked at the water softening […]

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Cation Exchange, Part 1: Back to the Basics

By Gary Battenberg In the beginning Ion exchange water softening is the backbone of our industry, with filtration and reverse osmosis complementing the process when required and based on a thorough water analysis. That will […]

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Emerging Trends for Healthy Living

By Gary Battenberg As often happens, topics of interest to WC&P International readers may be found in general conversations. The close working relationship between the Technical Review Committee and WC&P International often elicits articles based […]

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A Brief History of Ion Exchange Water Treatment

By Gary Battenberg In 1850, agriculturalist Harry Stephen Meysey Thompson and chemist John Thomas Way observed that when a solution of ammonium sulfate was passed through a specific type of soil, the effluent solution contained […]

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Membrane Treatment of Complex Well Water: A Case Study

By Gary Battenberg, Nancy Prosser and Stephen Wiman, PhD Introduction For much of the Southwest, water is in very short supply and conservation is a top priority for state governments, municipalities and commercial and residential […]

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How to Get Started in the Water Treatment Business

By Gary Battenberg No doubt you are well into the marketing, sales and installation of water treatment equipment from your selected supplier(s). Hopefully, you are enjoying your new business and your customers are pleased with […]

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